The following are the Bylaws of the
Wolfeboro Community Food Cooperative (the "Co-op), a New Hampshire
non-profit cooperative association, without capital stock, formed under
the New Hampshire Consumer's Cooperative Associations Act, NH RSA 301-A
(the "Act"). Terms not defined herein shall have the naming given them
in the Act.
ARTICLE I. Organization
Section 1. Name: The name of the
organization is Wolfeboro Community Food Cooperative and the Co-op shall
be known as “Wolfeboro Co-op”, which name shall be acceptable on bills
and checks and informal business transactions.
Section 2. Purpose: The purpose for
which the Co-op is formed is to engage in any one or more lawful mode or
modes of acquiring, producing, operating, furnishing, exchanging or
distributing food products and other goods and services, and to educate
owners and the community as to principals of nutrition, food sources and
distribution for the primary and mutual benefit of its patrons as
Section 3. Organization. The Co-op is
organized and shall be operated exclusively on a cooperative and
Section 4. Nondiscrimination: The
Co-op shall not discriminate on the basis of race, nationality,
religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, political affiliation,
disability or other arbitrary characteristics.
Section 5. Principal Office: The
initial place where the business of the Co-op shall be
96 Kings Highway, New Durham, New
ARTICLE II. Membership
Section 1. Membership Defined. The
members of the Co-op shall be admitted on a voluntary basis subject to
Section 2 of this Article II and open to individuals having an interest
in the purposes of the Co-op and wish to enjoy the benefits of Co-op
membership upon payment of $150.00 and assumption of the
responsibilities of membership.
Section 2. Becoming a Voting Member;
Member. A person or organization may become a member of the Co-op
a. Payment of One Hundred Fifty
Dollars ($150.00) fee to the Co-op or such
other membership fee as the Board
of Directors may, from time to time, adopt;
b. Submission of application for
c. Acceptance of the Co-op’s terms and
conditions contained in the Certificate of
Organization, Bylaws, and Rules
and Regulations of the Co-op.
Section 3. Limitations on Membership.
a. No member less than eighteen (18)
years of age shall be eligible to hold office in the
b. Each qualified member shall be
treated as one Voting Member and shall be entitled
to only one vote as more
specifically set forth in Section 8 of this Article II; and
c. Membership is not-transferable.
Section 4. Withdrawal from Membership.
Members may withdraw from the Co-op upon written notice delivered to the
Co-op’s membership secretary. Fees shall not be prorated and shall be
non-refundable on the date of payment to the Co-op.
Section 5. Expulsion from Membership.
A member may be expelled from the Co-op by the Board of Directors if the
member's activity in the Co-op is contrary to basic consumer cooperative
principles or endangers the effective operation or safety of the Co-op
and its members, or as more specifically set forth in RSA 301-A:20.
Section 6. Membership Roll. A list of
the members with their addresses shall be kept by the Membership
Secretary as from time to time appointed by the Board of Directors.
Section 7. Presentation of Bylaws. A
copy of these Bylaws shall be made available to each member.
Section 8. Rights of Voting Members.
Every Voting Member shall have an equal right to participate and to vote
in regular and special meetings (see Article IV), to attend any general
meeting of the Board of Directors or of a committee.
Section 9. Membership Non-assessable.
No member of this Co-op may be held liable for the debts of the Co-op
other than the payment of membership dues in arrears.
ARTICLE III. Capital
Section 1. Fiscal Period. The business
period of the Co-op shall be a 52 or 53 week fiscal year beginning on
the first Sunday of each calendar year and ending on the Saturday before
the first Sunday of the next calendar year.
Section 2. Sources of Capital Funds.
The capital funds of the Co-op shall be composed of:
a. the funds paid in by the members
b. the accumulated surplus provided
through operations of the Co-op;
c. income from its properties, if any,
and other assets; and
d. donation or other grant-based
Section 3. Loan Capital. The Co-op may
borrow money from its members or from non- members in such amounts and
upon such terms, with respect to interest, maturity, security, and
otherwise, as the Board of Directors may determine.
Section 4. Reserve Fund. The Reserve
Fund shall consist of an annual allotment of not less than ten percent
(10%) of the unrestricted net savings (as hereinafter defined) or
earnings of the Co-op for each year, including but not limited to
contributions from individuals, and any other funds appropriated to it
by action of the Board of Directors or at a meeting of the members;
provided however, that in the event that said reserve fund exceeds
thirty percent (30%) of both the paid-in and subscribed capital
determined as of the end of the fiscal year, then the annual allotment
to the reserve fund shall be determined by the Board of Directors. The
reserve fund may be used in the general conduct of the Co-op's business,
including without limitation for the purpose of unforeseen losses due to
extraordinary depreciation of equipment, fire, theft, or other causes,
for the extension of the Co-op as a consumer cooperative, or for any
program of social welfare or insurance or other development directly
associated with the cooperative movement as shall be decided by a
general meeting of the membership.
As used herein, “net savings” shall
have the meaning given it under the Act, to wit it shall mean the total
income of the Co-op minus the costs of operation.
ARTICLE IV. Membership Meetings
Section 1. Membership Control. The
final authority to make and change the Bylaws of the Co-op shall be
vested in the members, to be exercised by them as provided in these
Bylaws. The members shall elect a Board of Directors to administer the
affairs of the Co-op.
Section 2. Annual Meeting. Each year
the Annual Meeting of the Co-op shall be held within a thirty day period
following the fifteenth (15th) day of October of each year.
Section 3. Special Meetings. Special
meetings may be called by a majority vote of the full Board of Directors
and must be called whenever a petition; signed by at least fifty percent
(50%) of the members is presented to the Board.
Section 4. All Meetings. For the
purposes of these Bylaws, a Membership Meeting, including the Annual
Meeting, shall occur on a regular basis. All meetings shall provide for
an assembly of members in person to receive the reports of the Co-op.
The duration of a meeting and the date, time, and place of the assembly
of members shall each be determined by the Board of Directors.
Section 5. Notice; Meeting Notice. The
Co-op may provide notice to its members for any matters requiring member
attention under these Bylaws by paper or electronic means, including
facsimile or electronic mail, and if so provided, shall be sent to the
last known facsimile or email address provided to the Co-op by the
Member. Members are responsible for providing the Co-op with current
information for notice purposes. Notice of membership meetings shall be
provided to all members at their last known address at least five (5)
days prior to the beginning of the meeting.
Section 6. Rights and Limitations of
Membership. Members have the right and responsibility to elect
Directors; to recall any member from the Board of Directors, committees,
or any other office of the Co-op; to receive and act on the reports of
officers and the General Manager and Board committees; to act on
recommendations submitted by the Board of Directors; and to enact and
amend the Bylaws and amend the Certificate of Organization of the Co-op
as herein provided.
Section 7. Voting. With the exception
of amendments to these Bylaws or the Certificate of Organization or as
otherwise required by law, a majority vote of the members present (in
person or by proxy) and voting at a duly noticed meeting of the members
shall be determinative of all business conducted at the meeting.
ARTICLE V. Board of Directors
Section 1. Composition of the Board
and Election of Officers. Only Voting Members of the Co-op may serve on
the Board of Directors. The administration of the Co-op shall be vested
in a Board of Directors, consisting of up to not less than five (5) nor
more than fifteen (15). Directors shall serve three (3) year terms
which shall be staggered so that, as nearly as is possible, one third
(1/3) of the directors are elected at each Annual Meeting of the
members. Immediately following the Annual Meeting of the membership,
the Directors shall, by majority vote, appoint officers of the Co-op
which shall include a President, Vice President, Secretary, and
Treasurer. Officers shall serve one year terms.
Section 2. Responsibilities of the
Directors and Disqualification of Directors. Directors of the Co-op
shall take care to properly discharge their responsibilities to the
Co-op. If, in the opinion of a majority of the full Board, there is a
reasonable demonstration that any Director is not properly discharging
his or her responsibilities to the Co-op, that Director may be removed
from the Board of Directors by a vote of three-quarters of the full
Board. Alternatively, a majority of the full Board may call a special
meeting of the members to consider and decide whether that Director
should be removed from the Board.
Section 3. Vacancies. A vacancy on the
Board of Directors shall be filled in the first instance by majority
vote of the remaining Directors. Such an appointee shall hold office
until the next Annual Meeting, when the position shall be filled, for
the remainder of its unexpired term, by majority vote of the
Section 4. Duties. The Board of
Directors shall oversee and be responsible for the business and
activities of the Cooperative and shall meet not less frequently than
once during each calendar quarter provided, however, that no less than
sixty-five (65) days shall elapse between meetings of the Directors.
Notice of each quarterly meeting of the directors shall be provided to
the directors by such reasonable means as may be agreed upon by the
directors no more than thirty (30) nor less than ten (10) days prior
to each meeting. Directors may attend in person, by telephone or such
other means as may be agreed upon by the directors provided, however,
that each director shall have the ability to fully participate in all
matters presented to directors during its meetings. A majority of
Directors shall constitute a quorum. Any member of the Co-op may attend
any meeting of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof as an
observer, and may, upon invitation of the Chair, participate in its
discussions, provided, however, no member shall have a right to observe
or participate in an executive session of the Board of Directors which
may be called for good cause upon approval of two-thirds vote of a
quorum of the directors. The directors shall cause minutes of meetings
to be taken and maintained by the Co-op which minutes shall include all
matters put to vote of the directors.
The President or a majority of the
Board of Directors may call a special meeting of the Board of Directors.
The secretary shall be informed of a call to special meeting and shall
set a date for the meeting which shall be not less than five (5) nor
more than ten (10) days following receipt of a call for a special
meeting. The secretary shall forthwith provide notice of the special
meeting to all directors by such means as previously approved by the
Directors. Notice of a special meeting
shall state the purposes thereof and business conducted at a special
meeting shall be limited to those matter set forth in notice of the
Without limiting the general authority
of the Board of Directors to manage and oversee the affairs of the
Co-op, the Board of Directors:
a. May employ a general manager and
such other employees to oversee operation of
the Co-op in the ordinary course
b. Shall provide suitable
accommodations, retail space, equipment, and inventory to
conduct the business of the Co-op;
c. Shall manage all properties and
investments of the Co-op;
d. May, to the extent determined
prudent by the Directors, secure fidelity bonds for
officers and employees of the
e. Shall take such actions as are
reasonably necessary to provide favorable conditions
of employment in the service of
the Co-op, and to promote efficiency and loyalty of
the Co-op’s staff;
f. Shall foster a spirit of enthusiasm
for cooperative effort, in the staff and among the members of the Co-op,
and for encouraging them to identify themselves with purposes and
objectives of the Co-op as set forth in these Bylaws and in its
Certificate of Organization; and
g. May form, restructure and disband
standing and special committees of the Directors and/or Members to
further the purposes of the Co-op each of which shall report to the
Directors as and when reasonably requested by the Directors.
Section 6. Executive Committee. The
Board of Directors shall appoint an executive committee to include, the
President, the Vice-President, the Treasurer, and the Secretary and such
other members as the Board of Directors shall determine reasonable or
necessary to further the business of the Co-op. The Executive
Committee shall meet as required to act on current business between
regular meetings of the Board. The decisions of the Executive Committee
shall be reported to the next Board meeting and shall be subject to the
approval of the Board as a whole.
Section 7. Indemnification. The Co-op
shall indemnify or reimburse its current and former directors for all
claims and liabilities including reasonable expenses and attorney's
fees, to which they may be subject by reason of their positions with the
Co-op or by reason of service as a Director or officer of another
corporation at the request of the Co-op. Indemnification or
reimbursement shall not, however, be
made if it is determined that such persons did not act in good faith or
in the reasonable belief that their actions were in the best interest of
If this determination is not made in a
legal proceeding related to the claim, it may be made by a quorum of
disinterested Directors. If not made or able to be made by either, the
determination shall be made by independent legal counsel. The foregoing
shall not be exclusive of any other rights to which Directors and
officers may be lawfully entitled.
ARTICLE VI. Duties of Officers,
Committees and General Manager
Section 1. President. The President
shall preside at all membership and Board of Directors meetings, sign
and execute all such documents as required in behalf of the Co-op, and
shall perform any other duties required by the Board. All contracts
not executed by the General Manager (if employed by the Co-op) in the
ordinary course of business shall be signed by the President and
countersigned by the Secretary or another Member of the Board.
Section 2. Vice-President. The
Vice-President shall perform the duties of the President when the
President is unable to do so. Should the President and the
Vice-President both be absent from a membership or Board meeting, the
Officers and Directors present shall elect one from among themselves to
chair the meeting.
Section 3. Secretary. The Secretary
shall attend all meetings of the membership and the
Board of Directors and be responsible
for recording the names of all Directors present, all
Votes and proceedings of each meeting,
and the minutes of their proceedings, or designate such a person to do
so. The Secretary shall be responsible for all correspondence, and keep
the records, documents and other papers of this Co-op in such a manner
and for such purposes as the Board may require which documents shall
include a schedule of all Board of Director positions including the term
expiration dates, persons serving on the Board of Directors, years of
service on the Board of Directors, and all information necessary to
ensure open and efficient communication among the Co-op and its Board of
Directors. The Secretary may serve as or appoint the Membership
Secretary who shall maintain a record of all members which shall include
the name, address and such additional information as determined
reasonable and necessary to ensure that the Co-op can effectively
communicate with its members.
Section 4. Treasurer. The Treasurer
shall attend all meetings of the membership and of the Board of
Directors; shall be responsible for overseeing the financial affairs of
the Co-op. The Treasurer shall prepare, or cause to be prepared
financial statements to include, annual and quarterly statements of the
income, expenses, assets and liabilities of the Co-op which shall
include provisions for material, contingent and/or anticipated revenues,
expenditures and/or losses. The financial statements shall be presented
to the Board of Directors at each quarterly meeting and to the
membership at each Annual Meeting. In addition thereto, the Treasurer
shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, an annual budget of income,
expenditures, capital acquisitions and dispositions which shall be
presented to the membership and the Board of Directors for their
approval at each annual meeting. The budget, as so approved, shall be
compared to actual operating results of the Co-op at each quarterly
meeting of the Board of Directors.
Section 5. Committees. The Board of
Directors may appoint such committees as it deems necessary for the
conduct of the Co-op’s business, which committees shall have such duties
and responsibilities delegated to them by the Board of Directors.
Section 6. General Manager. The
General Manager, if employed by the Co-op, shall report to the President
as needed and to the Board of Directors at each quarterly meeting of the
ARTICLE VII. Amendments
The Bylaws and Certificate of
Organization may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the members voting
at the Annual Meeting or a special meeting of the members. A committee,
appointed by the President with the approval of the Board of Directors,
shall review all proposed amendments with legal counsel for the Co-op to
ensure that all such amendments are consistent with the purposes of the
Co-op and Chapter 301-A of the New Hampshire statutes governing Consumer
Cooperative Associations. Proposed amendments shall be provided to
the membership at least thirty (30) days in advance of the membership
meeting at which the amendment will be submitted to vote.